Lubuntu vs Xubuntu: Which One Is Worth Your Time

If you’re trying to decide between popular operating systems for your computer, look no further! We’ll explain everything you need to know on Lubuntu vs. Xubuntu, so you can determine which option is worth your time and money.

When it comes to operating systems for your PC, selecting the right option for your needs is vital. In this article, we’ll show you the main difference between the popular Ubuntu distributions: Lubuntu vs. Xubuntu.

Find out which option is worth your time and hard-earned money below.

WHAT ARE LUBUNTU AND XUBUNTU?

Both Lubuntu and Xubuntu are Ubuntu lightweight desktops. Top choices for Linux users who prefer a lean distro and require the best performance they can get on an older computer, Lubuntu and Xubuntu are excellent options.

Enhance your coding experience with this split keyboard that offers up to 9" of separation.

They’re desktop OS protocols perfect for people who have an old computer or want a replacement for their current desktop, such as Windows XP for example. When using either distro, you can convert all your old PC’s resources and power to the new software.

They specialize in using the bare minimum of your PC resources, and they come with everything you’d expect from the Ubunutu Unity, including valued stability and security.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?

Designed as lightweight distribution options for low RAM machines, both Lubuntu and Xubuntu offer better performance for old or slow computers. Where they differ is the desktop environment they’re based on, which include either XFCE or LXDE.

The two different distros, Lubuntu vs. Xubuntu, are common. They are a top recommendation for people who want a lightweight Linux desktop OS. With a Linux OS, upgrading your OS is completely free. You can use a better system with fewer hardware constraints. Compared to Windows, Linux desktops are more secure and more comfortable to use. They never require antivirus software as well, saving you money on other computer products.

Linux is more lightweight, uses fewer system resources, and comes with less pre-installed applications. Xubuntu, on the other hand, offers more resources you can use. The features are more polished as well. Even though it’s not nearly as lightweight as Lubuntu, it is more lightweight than some other options like Ubuntu and Kubuntu, for example.

If you’re a person who seeks an elegant, top-notch appearance, Xubuntu may be the choice for you. It’s better looking, highly user-friendly, and offers more features than Lubuntu. In terms of appearance, Lubuntu seems older and dated. It provides minimal customization for users to personalize as well. Lubuntu is the ultimate option if you have an old computer with outdated specifications and can space some system resources. If you’re looking for the most lightweight, Lubuntu is the choice for you.

The critical differences between Lubunti and Xubuntu to keep in mind:

  • Xubuntu is based on XFCE while Lubuntu is based on LXDE
  • Lubuntu is the faster, lighter operating system
  • Xubuntu requires a minimum RAM of 512 MB while Lubuntu can extend down to 224 MB of RAM to function
  • Installation requires 256 MB of RAM on Xubuntu while Lubuntu only requires 160 MB.

WHY YOU NEED THESE DESKTOPS?

When it comes down to Lubuntu vs. Xubuntu, choose the best one for your needs. There are many reasons you may need one of these desktops over other operating systems, such as the standard Windows and Mac options. You may want to switch if you:

  • Don’t like Windows or Mac desktops
  • Hate paying for OS upgrades
  • Want a more affordable option
  • Require more security
  • Need an easy-to-use desktop
  • Enjoy real-time updatesPlay games on Linux or Steam

WHICH VERSION IS RIGHT FOR YOU?

There are plenty of reasons to switch your OS, deciding which desktop is best for your needs is the tricky part. If you’re confused as to which version is right, this beginner’s guide explains helpful information to help you decide.

Image by llelectronics2k and Tylana from Flickr

How to Rename a File in Linux: A Complete Guide

Technology can be confusing. We’re here to help you learn how to rename a file in Linux. Follow these simple steps for Linux beginners (with examples).

Although renaming files isn’t exactly the most complicated computer operation to learn, the process is different when using Linux than other popular options like Windows. It’s also one of the most basic tasks, and you’ll need to perform it often with Linux systems.

If you’re renaming smaller quantities of files, you won’t need any special tools. A larger file full of vacation photos, for example, may require much more time. You can use various apps or other tips to cut back on time, though.

HOW TO RENAME A FILE IN LINUX

Renaming a single file is much easier than tackling a large folder full of multiple files, especially if you’re a Linux beginner. People who are new to Linux tend to find it much easier and faster. Below, we’ll show you a few quick tricks on how to rename a file in Linux and explain how to rename a larger batch.

Enhance your coding experience with this split keyboard that offers up to 9" of separation.

Renaming a File Using MV Command

If you’re renaming a single file in Linux, you can use a simple “mv” command, which is a shortened command for the word “move.” People use this command to tell the computer to move folders and files, and you can use it to rename them as well. A computer’s filesystem interprets renaming a file as moving it from one name to another, which is very similar to moving locations.

The mv command uses the following syntax: mv (options) source, destination. The source is the files you want, while the destination is either a directory or one file. For more than one files in the source, the destination needs to be the directory. The data will then move to the target directory of your choice. You’ll need to know both the file source and target destination to rename it.

The mv command uses the following syntax: mv (options) source, destination. The source is the files you want, while the destination is either a directory or one file. For more than one files in the source, the destination needs to be the directory. The data will then move to the target directory of your choice. You’ll need to know both the file source and target destination to rename it.

To rename files with the “mv” command, use the following syntax:

mv (option) filename1.ext filename2.ext.

In this example, “filename1.ext” is the original file name while “filename2.ext” refers to the new name you’d like to give to replace the old name.

If the file isn’t in an active folder on your computer, you must specify the path for your system to locate the folder as well. Try using:

mv / home/user/Files/filename1.ext /home/user/Files/filename2.ext.

You may need to require writing permission to name the folder and confirm before the changes take place.

RENAMING FOLDERS OR A LARGE BATCH OF FILES

Renaming a single file is much easier than tackling a large folder full of multiple files, especially if you’re a Linux beginner. People who are new to Linux tend to find it much easier and faster. Below, we’ll show you a few quick tricks on how to rename a file in Linux and explain how to rename a larger batch.

Renaming a File Using the Rename Command

The “rename” command is for renaming multiple files at once. It’s a more advanced command than mv because it uses more than a basic knowledge of Linux and regular expressions.

To use the rename command, you can use one of two versions. They each come with varying syntax. For a beginner’s purposes, the Perl version works fine. It’s easy to install from your distributor’s package manager if you don’t already have the version. The syntax for the rename command is rename (options) perlexpr files.

To use the rename command, you can use one of two versions. They each come with varying syntax. For a beginner’s purposes, the Perl version works fine. It’s easy to install from your distributor’s package manager if you don’t already have the version. The syntax for the rename command is rename (options) perlexpr files.

Using this command renames all the files in a specific “perlexpr” or expression. Changing the command allows you to change all files using the same extensions, such as from .html to .php. Try the command:

rename 's/.html/.php’ *.html.

However, there are many ways you can use the rename command.

You can learn more about how to alter file names by changing them from:

  • Upper to lower case
  • Lower to upper case
  • Underscores to spaces

?A FINAL TIP

Now that you know how to rename a Linux file using the mv and rename commands, you should be able to complete essential work.

Other controls are available to rename Linux files; however, they are more complicated for many beginners. New users are easily intimidated by command lines used to rename files, such as mmv commands or extensive batch renaming tools like Metamorphose.

Feel free to check out these tools as well after you’ve mastered renaming Linux files using the basic mv command.

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How to Get Virus Protection with Avast For Linux

Avast is a popular virus protection software for Windows. But what about an alternative operating system such as Ubuntu? The good news is, you can get Avast for Linux.

Well, sort of. (We will get into that soon.) The question is, do you really need it, and if so, what should you pay for it (if at all)?

We will go over the basics of Avast for Linux in this article, so you can make an informed decision about this virus software solution.

What is Avast Virus Software?

Avast is a popular brand of virus software that is primarily used on Windows machines to scan for problematic programs that interfere with computer operations.

Avast has a free home edition for individual users, and this popular software is a favorite among desktop Windows workers who want cheap virus protection.


Avast generally works quite well. It’s main problem (at least with the free edition) is the excessive number of pop-ups that constantly activate in Windows trying to egg you on to buy the commercial version.


It is annoying, and more than one Avast installation has been removed entirely because of this constant nagging advertising.


Commercial editions are also available for various fees, with more features. Versions of the software are made for PC, Mac, Android, and iPhone and iPad.


A current version of Avast’s free home edition for Linux is not available on the Avast website, since they stopped offering it.


However, you can find an older version online potentially at places like Softpedia and other software websites. You might also be able to get an older version through various Linux or Ubuntu repositories.


Avast does have an up-to-date security suite for Linux that is different from the home edition, which we will explain later.

Virus Software for Linux: Do You Really Need It?

Before we even get into Avast for Linux, let us talk about whether you really need it. Then, you will understand a bit more about the availability of Avast for Linux.


Perhaps you are coming from a Windows environment, and you have decided to take the plunge and install the Ubuntu Linux operating system on a spare desktop computer.


After many years of dealing with Windows issues, which might have included viruses, spyware, and adware, you may be justifiably concerned that your shiny new installation of Ubuntu is naked and vulnerable without virus protection software.


For this reason, you may be wondering if you can get Avast for Linux to keep your Ubuntu system free from pesky viruses and Trojans.


Here’s the thing: We’re not saying you shouldn’t install Avast for Linux.


However, the chances of your Linux operating system (whether Ubuntu or another version of Linux) getting a virus is very small, especially compared to Windows.


In fact, this snippet from a review of Avast! Linux Home Edition just about says it all:


“Avast! Linux Home Edition is a freeware graphical software tailored specifically for

GNU/Linux operating systems and designed from the ground up to act as a reliable and capable antivirus solution.


It promises to keep your computer from unwanted computer viruses, even though they pretty much don’t exist for desktop-oriented Linux distributions.”

Windows is More Vulnerable to Viruses Than Linux

laptop with upgrading windows on the monitor

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

The truth is, Windows is just a lot more vulnerable to viruses and spyware than Linux is. This is especially true of older versions of Windows, such as Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7.


Windows 10 is a little better in terms of vulnerability than earlier releases of Windows, but it is still a lot more vulnerable than Linux or Ubuntu is overall.


In fact, you could run Linux for 10 years without any virus software, surfing the web and exchanging emails, and never once have a problem with a virus. Try to say that about Windows!


So, why is this?


For one thing, it has to do with how the Windows operating system works.


You do not need to understand the technical underpinnings here, but one thing that makes Windows much more vulnerable than Linux is its reliance on DLLs or Dynamic Linked Libraries.


These DLLs are important for programs to run, but they can be more easily hacked.


The Windows registry is also another vulnerable potential point of corruption for virus or trojan software.


The Linux kernel that runs the operating system (this also applies to Ubuntu) is self-contained and needs to be recompiled before it is updated. Therefore, it is harder to mess with.


Also, more people use Windows, so spammers, hackers, and virus programmers spend their efforts more on Windows because it is simply more profitable.


Linux users are also generally more tech savvy and tend to be developers. 


There is no point in developing ransomware for Linux, because the average Linux user could quickly figure out how to disable such a terrible program.


Hackers may also just hate Microsoft and just want to mess with it by writing virus software. So, there you go. Windows is much more vulnerable than Linux.


All that said, Linux isn’t impervious to attacks by hackers, but these attacks tend to be more in the forum of an intrusion or break in than a virus or spyware.


Therefore, if you are using Linux, especially Ubuntu, for personal use, and you are keeping it up to date, you shouldn’t panic if your system isn’t protected by virus software.

Why You Might Want to Use Avast for Linux

Well, now you understand why Avast most likely got rid of its home edition for Linux. No-one really needed it, and it wasn’t profitable for them. You could maybe download and install an old version.


But you probably don’t need the old version of Avast for Linux to handle virus software problems. It is out of date anyway.


Instead, what Avast has for Linux and Ubuntu are security services that go beyond virus scanning.


You can use the Avast for Linux software as a security suite to monitor traffic going to your Linux server.

Avast for Linux Options

man working on computer

Image by rawpixel from Pixabay

Here are the current offerings for Linux by Avast.


They are designed for Linux “servers” but could work just as well on a home Ubuntu machine – they just might be more power than you need.


You should note that these services for Linux by Avast are only guaranteed to work with certain Linux distributions or flavors.


As of this writing, these include:

  • CentOS 6 and newer
  • Debian 7 and newer
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Ubuntu LTS 12.4
  • Ubuntu LTS 12.4

Note that while Avast for Linux is designed to work with Ubuntu LTS 12.4, Ubuntu is built on Debian. Debian 7 is what Ubuntu version 11.10 was built on, with newer versions of Ubuntu being either Debian 7 (“Wheezy”) or higher.


You might have to test out Avast for Linux to see if it works on these other Ubuntu distributions.

Each of the Linux security services by Avast has a free trial offer that you can request.


(Prices are current as of this writing and may have changed by the time you read this.) Note that none of them focus on virus scanning:

1. Avast Core Security

This is the “core” security module available for Linux servers and includes a core scanner that can be activated from the command line or integrated for email protection.


The system boasts a connection with “CommunityIQ” to maintain information about the latest security threats. It also supports 64 bit Linux servers as well as 32 bit ones. A one-year license for one server is $159.99.

2. Avast File Server Security

The Avast File Server Security includes Avast Core Security. It is designed to help speed up clients connecting to the server by protecting server files.


It leverages multiple CPU cores (if you have them on your server) to support fast file transfers. Samba and NFS are both supported.


The cost for Avast File Server Security is $199.99 per year for one Linux or Ubuntu server.

3. Avast Network Security

The Avast Network Security service includes Avast Core Security but not Avast File Server Security.


Additionally, it scans and filters traffic on your server, including HTTP and email traffic. It is designed to have no impact on your Linux server’s performance. Popular secure protocols such as HTTPS, POP3S, and IMAPS are supported.


The cost for Avast Network Security is $199.99 per year for one Linux or Ubuntu server.

4. Avast Security Suite

Avast Security Suite for Linux includes all of the above server products: Avast Core Security, Avast File Server Security, and Avast Network Security.


A one-year license for one Linux server is $239.99.

Is Avast for Linux Worth It?

As you can see, you can’t really use Avast for Linux in the same way you use it on Windows.


Whether or not you want to try Avast’s premium services for Linux servers depends on what your needs are.  Many free Linux firewalls are available, but perhaps Avast has something more to offer you.

Featured Image CC 4.0 by Chanyiksun via WIkimedia Commons

What Is Gunzip & Is It Worth My Time?

If you want the ability to decompress files and unzip file archives on Linux distributions like Ubuntu, then you will want to use Gunzip.

Gunzip is actually not the name of the program itself. The name of the program is Gzip. Gunzip is one of the commands you might use with Gzip.

What Exactly is Gzip?

Gzip stands for GNU zip. The name gzip is actually lowercase, though it is perfectly OK to capitalize Gzip if you want.

GNU refers to the GNU free software project. Gzip is therefore a free, open source software that you are free to update and modify as you want.

Gzip is primarily used on Linux machines running various flavors of the operating system such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint, CentOS, Red Hat Linux, or Fedora.

You can also use gzip on Unix, which is basically like Linux. And, there is a command-line version of gzip that runs on Windows and DOS.

Gzip has been around for decades. The file compression software was first released in 1992. It is a very common compression tool used a lot for Linux files that are distributed on the Internet.

This is because gzip reduces the size of files, making it quicker to upload and download. And, this file compression also reduces bandwidth, which can potentially save you on web hosting costs if you are uploading and downloading a lot of files.

The output of a gzip file will be labeled with the file extension .gz, which distinguishes it from other types of compressed files such as .zip (for a Windows zip file) or .sit (for a Mac Stuffit file).

Note: Just because gzip has the word “zip” in its name, the files it produces are not .zip files.

Gzip generally runs through a command line interface. That means, you don’t use a GUI or graphical user interface.

What Exactly is Gunzip Then?

Gunzip is simply a way to decompress gzip files. We will get into the finer points of how the command works down below, but you can guess how it works.

Simply type “gunzip <filename>” and your .gz file will be unzipped. Simple, eh?

Other Types of Compression Formats

Before we get into more of the “how to” on using gzip and gunzip, let us look at a few other file compression forums that you may run across. 

We want to avoid confusion, and understanding some of the basic differences can be helpful.

  • .Zip Files

The most common file type that you might confuse with a gzip file is a .zip file. The zip format was originally used on Microsoft machines only, but you can now use zip files on more than just a Windows box.

Just remember: .zip files are not .gz files and vice versa.

The .zip file is probably now the default compressed file used everywhere and on any type of machine. You can handle .zip files now on Microsoft Windows, Linux distributions like Ubuntu, and on Apple Macintosh computers.

Programs that you might use to manipulate zip files include WinZip and 7-Zip. Since Windows 7, Microsoft has included a native ability to zip and unzip files right in Windows from Windows Explorer.

You can zip a folder or file by selecting the item in question, right-clicking on it, and then select “Send to” and then “Compressed (zipped) folder.”

You can unzip a file or folder in Windows in two ways: With a folder you can simply double click on the zipped folder and then drag a file or files out of it into another folder in Windows Explorer.

Or, you can right click on the zip file, select “Extract All,” and then follow the onscreen instructions.

Windows now has other neat features that make managing zip files easier, such as dragging a new file to an existing zip folder to add it to the existing zip archive.

  • .Sit or Stuffit Files

Files with the extension .sit are StuffIt files from Mac computers, originally from software called “StuffIt Expander.” It used to be a big problem if someone with a Mac sent a Stuffit file to a Windows machine, but it is now a lot easier to deal with Stuffit files than it used to be.

SmithMicro Software, which still makes StuffIt software, has a free StuffIt Expander for Windows program so you can unstuff files made on Mac computers easily and without paying extra money.

This program will also open up .rar and .zip files, which is good to know, because sometimes it can be hard to know what to do with a .rar file. What is a .rar file anyway?

  • .Rar Files

.Rar files are a bit rarer than the user-friendly Stuffit or .zip files. “RAR” stands for “Roshal Archive Compressed.”

.Rars can be password protected, which makes them useful in some circumstances, but unless you are a power user, there are easier options to use.

In fact, most people won’t ever have to deal with a .rar file at all. However, the .rar file type is often used on

Torrent sites as a way to compress and break up large files. What can make .rar files confusing is that they can be compressed and broken up into multi-part .rar files.

Then, you have to collect all those different files to put the .rar back together again. If you are missing part of the .rar file, the decompression won’t work.

What You Do Need to Know: .Tar Files

If you are planning on using Unix or Linux a lot, you can expect that along with gzip files, you will run across another extension: .tar

In fact, you will commonly see files named as follows:

Filename.tar.gz

What exactly does this mean?

First, a .tar file is an uncompressed file that is filled with multiple files and folders. It, in essence, freezes those files and folders in a format that maintains the folder structure.

For example, if you have a folder named FIRSTFOLDER with the following in it:

Picture1.jpg
Picture2.jpg
Picture3.jpg
SECONDFOLDER
SecondFolder1.jpg
SecondFolder2.jpg

When you “tar” FIRSTFOLDER you will get a file called FIRSTFOLDER.tar.

When you open that file anywhere on a computer, it will open up exactly as the FIRSTFOLDER was originally set up.

This can be extremely useful when you want to send a lot of files and maintain the folder structure. It is essential for packing up and transmitting source code for a software program.

Now, here’s the fun part. If you want to compress that .tar file and make it smaller, especially if you want to send it via email, what to do you?

You gzip it!

Thus, when you gzip that .tar file, you get FIRSTFOLDER.tar.gz.

Note that you must first tar the folder up and then gzip it, not the other way around. When you want to open the gzipped .tar file, you must first gunzip it and then extract the .tar.

A Few Gzip Commands (Including Gunzip)

Now that you understand what gzip is and how a .gz file differs from .zip, let us look at a few basic commands. You will be in Linux at the terminal (command prompt).

  • To gzip a file, just type:

gzip filename

It will now be named filename.gz.

  • To gunzip that same file, type:

gunzip filename.gz

Note: You can use the gzip command with a -d after it as an equivalent to gunzip. It is just that gunzip is easier to remember.

  • But here is another way to gunzip that file:

gzip -d filename.gz

Opening Gzipped Tar Files

  • If you have a .tar file that is gzipped, here is a quick and easy way to open it:

gunzip filename.tar.gz

You will now have a file called filename.tar.

  • To extract the tar file, type:

tar -xvf filename.tar

Voila! All of the .tar files and folders are expanded and ready to explore!

Note: It might go without saying, but you want to extract that .tar file where you want it to go. You can, of course, move it later too.

These are the basic commands you need to use gzip. There are many other options to learn, but most of the time, you will just need the basics to gzip and gunzip files on Linux and Ubuntu machines.

So, in answer to the question: Is gunzip worth my time? Yes, it is, if you want to be able to decompress files on your Linux machine. Really, you can’t run Linux without it.

Gunzip is a Command to Decompress Files

Now that you know that the actual program is called gzip and not gunzip, you know that gunzip is a command.

The gunzip command is used to decompress gzip files. If you are running Linux, then you will probably use gunzip on a semi-regular basis. Otherwise, if you are Windows, just get a program like 7-Zip to do the job for you.

Everything You Need to Know About Linux RM And More

LINUX rm is a command-line prompt that is short for remove. It is a basic command for UNIX and UNIX-like systems that can be used to remove links, files, and directories from filesystems, such as pipes, sockets, and device nodes. What is neat about the rm command is that it uses the unlink system call, which not only removes the object itself but also any references that still exist within the system to other files and protocols. Objects named in the rm command are only removed once all the references have been found.

To put it another way, rather than actually destroying the object, LINUX rm removes the data from the file title to a temporary location and unlinks all references. The HDD space is then marked as free space, but the titleless data can present security risks, so if erasing data is what you are after, perhaps programs like srm or shred are more appropriate.


LINUX RM - The Nuts and Bolts

LINUX RM - The Nuts and Bolts

Normally, no output is generated or displayed by rm, except in the event of an error, although the -v switch may reveal more detailed rm actions. The -i switch is also useful in that it will force rm to verify each removal ahead of time, but it is not recommended with large batches of files for obvious reasons.

Mostly, though the use of rm is pretty straightforward. Say, you wanted to remove a file called playlist. Just type in rm playlist, and - poof - it is gone. Perhaps you were not sure about removing playlist2, however, so you would execute to command, rm -i playlist2. The command line with then prompt you “remove playlist2,” and you can re-evaluate your decision. Aside from the -i and -v switches, rm also accepts the -r (recursive) switch for deleting directories and the -f (force) switch for overriding confirmation prompts and non-existent folders (this is usually used with large batches of files). If a directory is empty, the option -d (directory) may be used to remove that file.

For a full list of rm features and arguments, simple type man rm into the command-line (terminal). Also, Computer Hope reminds up to please note that using rm is an entirely different process than using Trash in MAC OS or the Recycle Bin on PC, and once the command has separated the data from the title, the process cannot be undone. On another note, there is a UNIX and UNIX-like system command that is very similar though less flexible than rm called unlink. Unlink does exactly what rm does, but it only deals with files one at a time.

 

LINUX RM: Not for The Faint of Heart

LINUX logo

Computers terrify most people. Sure, Windows and MAC OS have managed, after years of stable OS revisions (some more stable than others - you know who we are talking about, here), to help users feel like they are on firmer footing. But, if you are over the age of 40, chances are great that you probably only reluctantly use your computer for reading email or surfing the web.

So, if someone told you that you could bring down your stable UNIX or UNIX-like operating system with a few simple keystrokes, you’d probably stare at them wordlessly and blink a lot. Fortunately, there are a few safety measures in place, so a person messing around on the command-line can’t just delete important files.

Write-protected files are your friend, and they will prompt you before deleting them. You must answer yes three different time before they will be removed, and, also, a write-protected directory is even more difficult to remove.

However, the rm -rf command, if run as root, is particularly deadly, and this command can obliterate your OS partition as quick as you can blink. It alone will prompt you into considering making a backup of your system on the spot, and it is arguably the most powerful command in the UNIX and UNIX-like command-line line-up. In short, it deserves the utmost respect.

Tux is the LINUX Mascot

LINUX Mascot

As the story goes, Linus Torvalds got bit by a penguin in at a zoon in Australia, and that led him to announce in 1996 that the LINUX project would receive an official mascot in the form of a penguin. TUX, evidently an anagram for Torvald’s UNIX, caught on like peanut butter and jelly, and developers and community member rallied in support of the goofy cartoon personality.

Up until this point, LINUX had been an underground, geeky operating system for coders and those who liked to get their hands dirty with the command-line. Tux represented legitimacy for the GNU/Linux product, though it would not be until 2004 when a South African internet mogul shelled out, according to one source, 10 million dollars, for the development of a Linux-based OS.

Ubuntu and Canonical Ltd represented the first polished LINUX-based OS the world had ever seen, and it adhered to the original principals of the GNU project, in that it was free to use, free to share, and free to change.

However, as overjoyed as users everywhere were for the gift of this free OS, it also meant that enterprising software companies could take it, change it, and start charging money for their own version of it. And, soon, LINUX would be in proprietary development by SUSE-LINUX, Red Hat LINUX, STEAM OS, and Microsoft. Yes, Microsoft. But, in order to understand why LINUX is so attractive to Microsoft, we have to take a trip back in the days of DOS and UNIX.

 

UNIX and DOS

UNIX was designed to support commands at many user levels with varying levels of permission (think about giant servers or supercomputers), which had to be done all at the command-line. And, as you can image, this was a pretty complicated business, which involved complicated read-write access levels on every single file.

Then, in steps Bill Gates, who thinks he can simplify the UNIX command-line code by tailoring read-write the one user (the all-powerful Microsoft Admin), making the world’s first personal computer (single-user). In the early days, Microsoft was able to develop a system that was much less complicated and easier to use (with one user to control everything) than the ultra-complicated UNIX version, however, they sacrificed security to do it.

And, since LINUX is based on the same multi-user environment, it represents a free version of the same system that Gates altered all those years ago. So, if you are Microsoft, you can now have your cake and eat it too. And the sphere OS will probably retain some of the classic elements of the Windows interface, while also offering the built-in security that the company never had for their new Sphere OS.

The new Sphere OS will likely not be available for download anytime soon, though, as it is intended to be added to household items like toys and appliances to add connectivity and programmability, like your toaster making toast for you at 7 am or your oven scheduled to preheat at a certain time.

 

RM is also a South Korean Rapper

Man instrips

Kim Nam-joon was born in 1994, and, in 14 short years he has become better known as RM (Rap Monster). This South Korean record producer, rapper, and songwriter released his first solo mixed tape in 2015 and has over 80 songs with his name on them. A member of the South Korean boy group, BTS, he has also collaborated with a number of different American rappers.

Namely, he worked with Wale in a politically-charged song called Change, and you can listen to it here or on YouTube.

Much like the South Korean wrapper Rm, LINUX is a new kid on the block of OS’s, coming after UNIX and DOS-based systems. But, like the rapper, it is ripe with the potential to become great, and, true to the philosophy of GNU, there are now many different flavors of the free OS out there, from Ubuntu to Arch LINUX.

 

LINUX RM Wrap-up

LINUX RM Wrap-up

LINUX RM is one of the more powerful tools in the LINUX command-line line-up, and it remains unique in terms of what it can do. While it is true that the DOS command-line side has the delete command, it is far less robust considering it does not deal with as many complicated read-write scenarios as rm.

Moreover, LINUX RM is a powerful tool that can clear a partition in the blink of an eye, and, using the command need to be done with respect and a careful eye. And, as with any UNIX or UNIX-like command, for more info just type man rm at the command-line for a full explanation of the program and its abilities.