Windows memory hardware issues can be difficult to troubleshoot for both novice and experienced users. These problems may lead to frequent system crashes, application failures, or mysterious blue screen errors. Although they can be quite frustrating, gaining an understanding of the underlying causes of these problems can assist you in diagnosing and resolving them more efficiently.

Causes of Windows Memory Problems 

One of the most common causes of memory hardware issues is faulty RAM modules, either from a bad install or from gradual wear and tear. If the RAM is too slow for your system’s needs, it can lead to crashing and other problems. Other potential causes include faulty motherboards, power supplies, hard drives, and corrupted files. Additionally, running too many programs at once can cause memory overloads which can also lead to issues.

Diagnosing Windows Memory Hardware Problems

Now that we’ve identified the symptoms, let’s put on our detective hats and start diagnosing.

Using Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool

Windows comes with a built-in tool known as the Windows Memory Diagnostic tool. This tool essentially stress-tests your memory and reports any issues it finds. 

To use this tool, simply type “Windows Memory Diagnostic” into your search bar and open it.

And follow the prompts.

Third-Party Tools

In addition to the built-in tool, there are also several third-party tools that can provide a more detailed analysis of your memory. These tools can sometimes catch problems that the Windows Memory Diagnostic tool might miss. Some popular ones include MemTest86 and HWiNFO.

SFC Scan

Running a Windows System File Checker (SFC) scan can reveal system file corruption or issues caused by third-party software conflicts. Running an anti-malware application scan will also help you determine if malicious programs are impacting your system.

Fixing Windows Memory Issues 

Once you have pinpointed the origin of the issue, you can initiate the process of resolving it. 

Reinstalling the RAM

One of the simplest fixes is to reinstall the RAM. It’s like unplugging a misbehaving appliance and plugging it back in. To do this, you’ll need to open your computer, remove the RAM sticks, and then carefully reinsert them. Make sure the computer is off and unplugged before you start!

Replacing the RAM

If reinstalling the RAM doesn’t work, it’s possible that the RAM stick itself is faulty and needs to be replaced. This involves purchasing a new RAM stick and installing it in your computer. Remember, it’s important to ensure that the new RAM stick is compatible with your system.

Updating Your BIOS

Sometimes, the issue could be due to outdated BIOS (Basic Input Output System). The BIOS is a software that communicates between your computer’s hardware and the operating system. Updating your BIOS might resolve memory related issues.

Other ways to fix the problem

If system files or malicious programs were causing the issue, you can try running Windows Update and installing all available updates. Additionally, downloading an anti-malware application to scan for malicious programs can help get rid of any potential threats that may have been impacting your system performance. 

Finally, monitoring your system’s resources usage in Task Manager will help identify which processes are using up too much memory or CPU time. 

This can assist you in identifying the origin of any potential problems.


Understanding and fixing Windows memory hardware problems can be a difficult task, but by following these steps, you should be able to diagnose and correct any issues quickly and easily. It is important to remember that RAM modules may need to be replaced if they are causing issues, and it is always best to install compatible memory modules and observe static precautions when handling them. 

Additionally, running a System File Checker scan and an anti-malware application scan can help you identify any system file corruption or malicious programs that may be impacting your system performance.